Dec 1, 2017 Word for Word Media
Dr Ian Webster explains the process of a malignant melanoma diagnosis, and when exactly one is referred to an oncologist. Approximately 1 in 50 white   South Africans will develop a malignant melanoma in their lifetime. Therefore, it’s a reasonably common skin cancer which can also affect young people. Unfortunately, the incidence of malignant melanoma in people with a pale skin is still rising worldwide. Subtypes of malignant melanoma Superficial spreading melanoma is the easiest to recognise. It is usually greater than 7mm in size, irregular edge and irregular colour, and initially grows sideways and then downwards. Nodular melanoma usually…

Dec 1, 2017 Word for Word Media
Dr Nirasha Chiranjan explains why pancreatic cancer is renowned for being one of the most lethal cancers. Pancreatic cancer has been in the spotlight due to the passing of celebrities, like Patrick Swayze, Steve Jobs, Alan Rickman and Luciano Pavarotti, who all succumbed to this illness. Renowned for being one of the most lethal cancers, it is a leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Despite improvements in the survival rates of most other cancers, pancreatic cancer survival rates remain relatively unchanged. Risk factors The lifetime risk of developing pancreatic cancer is 1 in 671. It can occur at all…

Jul 27, 2017 Word for Word Media
Dr Chan updates us on all the need-to-know-bladder-cancer-info. Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy involving the urinary system. It is the ninth most common malignancy worldwide. There are two broad types of bladder cancer: urothelial and non-urothelial. Urothelial bladder cancer  This is the commonest histologic type in the Western world, consisting of more than 90% of all bladder cancer. More than 50% of patients with urothelial cancer are cigarette smokers. Occupational exposure to the chemical carcinogen (the aromatic amines) is also another risk factor for bladder cancer. Common industries and jobs associated with these carcinogens are painters; printing,…

Jul 27, 2017 Word for Word Media
Dr Peter Barrow educates us on stomach and oesophageal cancers. Stomach (gastric) cancer is a cancer that starts in any part of the stomach. Oesophageal cancer is a cancer that develops in the oesophagus – the muscular tube (food pipe) that connects the mouth to the stomach. While stomach cancer occurs in both males and females in almost equal numbers, oesophageal cancer is three to four times more common in men than in women. Risk factors One of the main risk factors for developing stomach cancer is an infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. This is the same…

Jan 1, 2016 Word for Word Media

What are some of the symptoms to look out for? The most common symptomS to look out for are: Yellowing of the skin and eyes Itching of the skin Oily stools and dark urine Weight loss Loss of appetite Abdominal pain What are the risk factors for bile duct cancer? The chance of developing bile duct cancer is higher for smokers, those who drink alcohol excessively, older people and those with a family history of cancer. Certain health conditions such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, as well as conditions that lead to chronic inflammation of the bile ducts, such…

Dec 11, 2015 Laurelle Williams

Being diagnosed with colon cancer, as with any cancer, is scary. It also might be a little embarrassing, since it involves a part of the body that’s distinctly hidden from view. But cancer of the colon is the fourth most common type of cancer. The disease often begins as a benign (noncancerous), abnormal growth or tumor in the lining of the colon. These growths, which are called intestinal polyps, colorectal polyps, or adenomas, can become precancerous and then cancerous. Common signs and symptoms of colon cancer include blood in the stool, changes in bowel habits, and anemia (low red blood…

Dec 11, 2015 Laurelle Williams

We often hear about breast and skin cancer, but what about the types, which aren’t as well known. Take thyroid cancer for example. It is very rare, but rates may be increasing. Experts believe this is because technologies are helping them to find small tumours more quickly. Here’s what you need to know about thyroid cancer, which usually does not come with clear-cut causes and tell-tale symptoms. What is it all about? You may not spend a lot of time thinking about your thyroid, but this butterfly-shaped gland sits low on the front of the neck. The thyroid lies below…

Dec 11, 2015 Laurelle Williams

Cervical cancer develops in the cervix – the low, narrow mouth of the uterus (womb) that opens into the vagina. The Cervix protects your uterus. Cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV), which is transmitted primarily through sexual activity. Fast Facts • Up to 80% of sexually active women will acquire an HPV infection at some point in their lives. • Of these infections up to 38.6% will be from Oncogenic HPV types (cancer causing). • Persistent infection with oncogenic HPV types may lead to cervical cancer. • Globally 70% of all cervical cancer is caused…

Sep 1, 2015 Word for Word Media

Being diagnosed with colon cancer, as with any cancer, is scary. It also might be a little embarrassing, since it involves a part of the body that’s distinctly hidden from view. But cancer of the colon is the fourth most common type of cancer.  The disease often begins as a benign (noncancerous), abnormal growth or tumor in the lining of the colon. These growths, which are called intestinal polyps, colorectal polyps, or adenomas, can become precancerous and then cancerous. Common signs and symptoms of colon cancer include blood in the stool, changes in bowel habits, and anemia (low red blood…

Jul 1, 2015 Word for Word Media
We often hear about breast and skin cancer, but what about the types, which aren’t as well known. Take thyroid cancer for example. It is very rare, but rates may be increasing. Experts believe this is because technologies are helping them to find small tumours more quickly. Here’s what you need to know about thyroid cancer, which usually does not come with clear-cut causes and tell-tale symptoms. What is it all about? You may not spend a lot of time thinking about your thyroid, but this butterfly-shaped gland sits low on the front of the neck. The thyroid lies…