Throat cancer, in particular oropharynx cancer, is such a concerning cancer now, because it is one of the few head and neck cancers with a rising incidence, unlike others which are decreasing due to the general decrease in smoking worldwide. Currently more than half of oropharynx cancers are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
What is the oropharynx? It is the middle part of the throat behind the mouth. Most cancers start in the palate tonsils (or where they used to be) and the base of the tongue.