Mar 20, 2019 Sandra 0Comment

CANSA informs us of the top five cancers that affect men in South Africa.


Elize Joubert, CANSA’s CEO, says that it is of great concern that the number of men being diagnosed with late stage cancer is on the rise. “Men need to be pro-active about their health and should recognise warning signs. 

We encourage monthly testicular self-examinations, annual medical check-ups and cancer screening for early detection, as symptoms don’t always present until cancer has spread. Men also need to lead a healthy, balanced lifestyle, cutting out lifestyle factors that increase their cancer risk.” 

With this said, below are the top five cancers that affect men in South Africa. 

In black South African men, it is believed that this figure may be as much as 1 in 4 to 1 in 6, if the cases are taken into account that are not histologically based and not reported. Prostate cancer often develops without any symptoms in the early stages. If prostate cancer is diagnosed and treated early, the prognosis is often good. However, when the disease is advanced, symptoms likely to occur include: straining to pass urine, leaking urine, bloody urine, and bone pain. CANSA recommends regular screening from 40 years and up (especially if there is any family history of cancer) with a blood test, called the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, to detect any prostate abnormalities. These tests are available at all CANSA Care Centres.
CANSA recommends a colonoscopy from the age of 50, every 10 years. Look out for symptoms of a change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, stomach pain, weakness and weight loss. A side effect of colorectal cancer may include having a colostomy. CANSA offers pre- and post-operative counselling and support groups and stocks stoma brands and provides the lowest prices and delivery.
Symptoms of lung cancer often appear when the disease is advanced and may include shortness of breath, cough, a change in sputum (saliva and mucus from respiratory tract), chest pain, noisy breathing, hoarseness, and coughing up blood. In men who stop smoking, the risk of developing lung cancer falls dramatically. Men wanting to quit smoking can sign up for CANSA’s Kick Butt online programme.
The most common AIDS-related cancer worldwide is Kaposi sarcoma (KS). It’s known that individuals who are HIV+ have immunodeficiency and, therefore, are at increased risk of KS. Kaposi sarcoma causes patches of abnormal tissue to grow under the skin, in the lining of the mouth, nose, throat or in other organs. About one-third of people with classic KS develop another cancer which may be fatal.
Bladder cancer is the fifth most common affecting men in South Africa. The biggest factor that may reduce the risk for bladder cancer is to avoid smoking, which doubles the risk of bladder cancer. Although no screening is available, if there is blood in the urine, a change in urine colour, or the need to go frequently and/or burning pain, men are urged to go to a medical professional.

* Stats as per the National Cancer Registry of 2014 which are histologically based.

 

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